BLADDER DYSFUNCTION is common in multiple sclerosis, in people with minimal symptoms and those with major impairments. Effective bladder management strategies make it possible for people with multiple sclerosis to pursue daily activities and participate in the world with comfort, dignity and confidence. With appropriate diagnosis and treatment, the incidence of bladder complications is greatly diminished. It is important to remember that:
* Bladder symptoms may be responsible for withdrawal from social and vocational activities.
* Frequency, urgency, and incontinence may negatively affect interpersonal interaction.
* Bladder involvement may threaten the individual’s health, with complications leading to serious morbidity.
* Bladder symptoms are often mismanaged, precipitating such problems as acute urinary retention, damage to the detrusor (primary bladder muscle) and urinary tract infections (UTIs).
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How to Manage MS-Related Bladder Dysfunction