Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Vitamin D Deficiency and RA

Reduced vitamin D intake has been linked to increased risk of developing RA and vitamin D deficiency has been found to be associated with disease activity and musculoskeletal pain in patients with RA.  In a recent study, researchers evaluated vitamin D status in 44 patients with RA and looked for any relationship between vitamin D serum levels and disease activity.  A control group of 44 persons was evaluated as well. 

Vitamin D circulates in the body in two forms.  The liver converts vitamin D to 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3], also known as calcidiol.  The kidneys convert calcidiol to activated vitamin D, also known as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] or calcitriol.  When measuring vitamin D levels in the blood, the recommended test measures serum concentration of 25(OH)D3, reported as nanomoles per liter (nmol/L) and/or nanograms per milliter (ng/mL).

Persons who have serum concentrations of 25(OH)D3 less than 12 ng/mL are considered deficient in vitamin D.  Levels between 12 and 20 ng/mL are considered inadequate in healthy persons.  Greater than 20 ng/mL is considered adequate in healthy persons.  According to NIH, levels greater than 50 ng/mL may cause undesirable adverse effects.  However, some rheumatologists (including my own) recommend serum concentrations between 50-80 ng/mL in patients diagnosed with autoimmune disease.

Read this post in its entirety:
Vitamin D Deficiency Associated with Disease Activity in RA

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